Elevated Muscle Enzymes
Causes and Treatments of Elevated Muscle Enzymes
Elevated muscle enzymes can be caused by a number of things. When our muscles experience trauma, excessive strain, or if we have recently suffered from an illness or disease, the membranes found in the muscle release enzymes. The average "count" for these enzymes is usually around 20, yet some people experience numbers much higher than this, which is usually when a doctor may show concern. We are going to talk about the common causes behind elevated muscle enzymes as well as ways that you can avoid raising these levels.
The most commonly seen cause of elevated levels of muscle enzymes is overexertion during exercise. A person who is an avid weight lifter may suddenly find that they experience a bought of muscle pain or discomfort in certain areas of the body (such as the abdomen or legs). This is most often felt when walking or attempting to lift weights. When a person lifts weights or exercises more often than they probably should, the fibers of the muscles can become damaged. This causes a surge in the enzyme levels around this muscle. Although many people may be able to lift weights without ever experiencing a severe increase in enzyme levels, it is important that one always takes caution to lift weights or perform exercises in the safe and proper position. Never take on too much weight at any one time and always allow the body a period of recuperation between workouts so that the muscles can build slowly and with a minimum amount of damage to the tissue.
Another possible cause behind elevated muscle enzyme levels is a recent viral infection. A serious viral infection can cause the body's muscles to become inflamed. This is called viral myositis. When a severe viral infection occurs in the body, the muscles not only become inflamed, but can also weaken or make it impossible to move without experiencing severe pain. This typically occurs when the body has nearly fought off the infection. Muscle weakness or pain usually begins to crop up around the last two days of the viral infection, when typical flu-like symptoms such as a fever and cough tend to fade away and the body appears to be getting well again. The areas most affected tend to be the muscles of the back and legs, although inflammation can occur in other areas as well. Children are more likely to experience this phenomenon, and although the condition usually only lasts up to seven days after the onset of the pain, a child should be taken to the doctor if they experience this type of muscle issue. The doctor will be able to confirm the cause based on the enzyme levels and a thorough examination of the muscles.
It is also possible for a person's muscle enzyme level to rise as a result of their medication. Certain types of medicine, particularly those intended to help lower one's cholesterol, have been known to raise one's muscle enzyme levels drastically. If this is believed to be the cause behind the enzyme condition, then the usual course of action is to lower the dosage or switch to another medication.
The best ways that we can effectively do our part to avoid having elevated muscle enzymes is to ensure that we get plenty of rest between work outs and to never push our body beyond the safety limitations. Also, eating foods high in omega-3 is a great way to reduce the risk of inflammation, so start stocking up on fish and nuts! Although most random cases of elevated enzyme levels are one-off, it could be possible that you could be suffering from a serious muscular disorder such as muscular dystrophy, a thyroid disorder, or a metabolic disorder. It's always best to check with your doctor to ensure that the cause is pinpointed and the correct method of treatment is taken.